US expats and migrants who are NZ tax residents are required to return overseas sourced income unless they qualify for the four-year foreign income exemption (i.e. transitional residency status – find more information here
However, there are two exemptions to the four-year foreign income exemption rule, being foreign employment and foreign personal services income. This means if the US expat/migrant continues to receive foreign employment or personal services income after arriving in NZ, they may still need to return this income in their NZ income tax return.
Further, the NZ income tax treatment for overseas sourced income can be different to the income tax treatment of NZ sourced income. We list out some examples below.
- Foreign dividend may be taxed under the foreign investment fund rules
- Foreign superannuation withdrawal may be subject to the foreign superannuation lump sum withdrawal rules
- Interest limitation does not apply to properties situated outside NZ
If overseas income had been omitted in historic years, the return of overseas income to IRD for the relevant period may result in IRD imposing both use of money interest and penalties.